October 1, 1962.
Analysis of SAM Sites
1. The intelligence community has now identified and confirmed
a total of 15 SA-2 SAM sites. From the location of these sites,
a discernible pattern is developing:
In the Oriente Province, the identified sites (3) form a triangular
pattern around the new military airfield at Holguin. This field
is probably not yet operational, but soon could be. At the present
time, there are no MIG-type aircraft stationed at this field.
The MIGs believed to be assigned to the operational control of
the Commander, Eastern Army, are stationed at the airfield at
Camaguey, in the Central Army area. When Holguin becomes operational,
these aircraft will probably be moved to that location. There
are no SA-2 sites identified in the vicinity of Camaguey.
In the Central Army area, 4 SA-2 sites form a rectangular pattern
around the military airfield near Santa Clara. This airfield has
had MIGs for several months and is also the field upon which the
first MIG 21 was identified.
In the Western Army area, there are 3 and possibly 4 SA-2 sites
forming a liner pattern to provide defense for the military airfield
at San Antonia de los Banos and coincidentally for the defense
of the Havana-Mariel complex. San Antonio de los Banos is the
headquarters for the Cuban revolutionary Air Force and the assembly
point for all MIGs, except the MIG-21, which have previously been
received in Cuba.
Further west in the Pinar del Rio Province a triangular pattern
of 3 SA-2 sites cannot be connected with any significant military
installation. The only known installation within this triangle
are 2 underground facilities whose use and purpose are unknown.
The only other military installation in this particular area is
the military air base at San Julian near the western tip of Cuba.
However, 1 of the 3 SA-2 sites is located at or very near this
military airfield, a most unlikely spot to place SA-2s for the
defense of this particular air base. Therefore, curiosity is immediately
aroused to the purpose of this triangular pattern on the far western
tip of Cuba.
In the north central portion of the Pinar del Rio Province is
a large trapazoid-shaped restricted area controlled by the Soviet
military personnel recently introduced into Cuba, measuring 15-20
miles on a side. There are no known military installations in
this rough and sparsely populated area. According to reports from
refugees arriving in Miami, all Cubans have been evacuated from
this restricted area. The purpose of this restricted area is not
Information concerning the deployment of Soviet military personnel
and "technicians" recently arriving in Cuba is derived
from unevaluated refugee sources, however, an attempt has been
made to plot all reported locations to determine whether there
is any correlation between the location of Soviet personnel and
missiles or missile activity. So far, the pattern indicates that
there is a definite correlation, but significantly the greatest
concentration of Soviet personnel, activity and camps is in the
western end of the Island of Cuba. This would indicate a greater
interest on the part of the Soviets in Pinar del Rio than in the
A single unevaluated report states that the Soviet "SS-4
Shyster" missile may have been delivered to Cuba on or about
11 September. Some confusion is apparent in this report. The SS-4
missile is nicknamed "Sandal," while the "Shyster"
carriers a designation of SS-3. This confusion was caused by the
interrogators of the source using a recognition manual which designated
the SS-4 as the Shyster. However, the description of the missiles
reportedly observed by the source could have applied equally to
either the Shyster or the Sandal. Both missiles have essentially
the same outward appearance except that the Sandal is about 5
feet longer. In all other respects, including the missile carrier,
the two appear identical. The source of this report stated that
on 12 September he had personally seen some 20 such missiles in
the vicinity of Campo Libertad, a small airfield on the western
edge of Havana. While this report is still unconfirmed and there
are no other reports concerning the presence of either SS-3 or
SS-4 missiles, it is significant to note that by using the approximate
center of the restricted area referred to above as a point of
origin and with a radius of 1100 nm, the accepted range of the
SS-4 missile, the arc includes the cities of Philadelphia, Pittsburgh,
St. Louis, Oklahoma City, Fort Worth-Dallas, Houston, San Antonio,
Mexico City, all of the capitals of the Central American nations,
the Panama Canal, and the oil fields in Maricaibo, Venezuela.
The presence of operational SS-4 missiles in this location would
give the Soviets a great military asset.
National Defense University, Taylor Papers, Box 14, Cuba, Cuba
Intelligence. Top Secret. Prepared by Colonel John R. Wright,
Jr., USA. A note on the source text indicates that it was prepared
initially for a briefing given on September 28 and that material
from the paper was included in the briefing given the Secretary
of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff on October 1.